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Red Baneberry has very neat, dark green leaves and creamy white flowers. The berries add color to the shade garden. Baneberry has very interesting attractive fruit. The plant is poisonous, especially the berries and roots. Many plants people use in their gardens are poisonous, such as yews, rhododendrons, golden chain tree, bleeding heart, delphniums, even rhubarb leaves. The best way to keep people safe from poisonous plants is to teach them from an early age not to eat anything from the garden or in wild without your approval. The rule at my house was do not put any plant part (berries especially) in your mouth without showing it to me first.


Red baneberry grows 1 to 3 feet tall, and works in zones 3 to 8.

Baneberry is wonderful in the garden. They emerge from the soil in the early spring and are usually in flower the first or second week in May. The flowers are cream colored clusters of starry shaped petals, then the berries form in July. The berries persist for quite a while and are very attractive. The berries are held on bright red stalks.

The leaves are bright to dark green compound leaves, similar to Astilbe leaves. Both plants can attain a height of 30 - 32 inches, but they will stay shorter in poorer soils or heavy shade.

Birds such as ruffed grouse do eat the berries, but no mammals eat them because they are poisonous. The flowers contain no nectar but provide pollen to insects. Baneberry is a great companion to foam flower, wild ginger, green-and- gold, bloodroot, early meadow rue, violets and ferns.

Actaea rubra - Red baneberry

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  • -Baneberry has very interesting attractive fruit, they are poisonous, very similar to the White baneberry

    -Very neat, dark green leaves

    -The berries add color to the shade garden

    -Creamy white flowers

    -Height: 1 to 3 feet

    -Zone: 3 to 8

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