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Another remarkable plant, the white trillium. The plant emerges from the ground in early spring and spreads its three leaves. The flower bud slowly opens to reveal 3 pure white petals. White trillium is also known as the wood lily.  This trillium is a graceful woodland perennial that is one of the most familiar and loved of the spring woodland wildflowers in the northeast. 

Highly coveted by some people, in places it has been over collected in the wild. If you want trillium in your garden please make sure they are nursery propagated. This means they were grown from seed and not dug from the wild. They are going to cost more after all it takes about 7 years from seed to get them to flowering or salable size. Seeds are planted as soon as they are ripe, just as the 3 sided seed case begins to open. You need to get them before they hit the ground because if you don't the ants will. The seed has an appendage on it called an elaiosome. The elaiosome is very sweet and the ants are attracted to it they take the seeds back to their nest. The seed is discarded or planted if you will, by the ants. You can flat them or pot them up in a container that you can leave out year round in a protected place. I used pressed peat containers. They will not emerge from the soil the first year and the second year you get little triangular leaves. (In the above picture you can see the little leaves growing at the base of the plant.) The third year you may get 3 leaves. If you keep the seeds moist during the year and the plants moist during the growing season you will eventually have flowering plants. You can use a small amount of fertilizer when the plants are actively growing.

The plant is very beautiful in color and is a wonderful sight to behold. The plants in my garden this year are stunning. They look wonderful especially when paired with Virginia bluebells and red trilliums.

Trillium grandiflorum - White trillium

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  • -Beautiful flowers in the early spring

    -Gorgeous white flowers

    -Pollinated by flies

    -Grows from a rhizome

    -Height: 6 to 14 inches

    -Zone: 4 to 8

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